Writing References On An Essay

Referencing is a system that allows you to acknowledge the contributions and work of others in your writing by citing your sources. A feature of academic writing is that it contains references to the words, information and ideas of others.

All academic essays MUST contain references. Referencing guards against plagiarism, a serious academic offence. Plagiarism is copying someone else's words or ideas and presenting them as your own.

See Plagiarism and academic integrity

Make sure you are familiar with the referencing style your faculty or school requires. Most have guides specifying the system they prefer. Often Schools/Faculties don't mind which system you use as long as it is consistent. If this is the case, use the system you are most comfortable with.

See The Learning Centre guides to various citation styles

Reference lists

Remember to list all the books and articles you use for the essay in a Reference List. This is a list of all works cited in your essay, and should be the final page.


Next step:Editing your essay

                                Referencing in your UTAS assignments

Step 1. Before you use this library guide check: Does your School have its own referencing guide? To find out ask your lecturer or tutor.

Step 2. If you are using this guide or another guide and you are still unsure about a particular citation, it is always best to check with your tutor or lecturer - they will be marking your work after all.

Step 3. Refer to the Style Manual. UTAS Library holds print Style Manuals (complete guides) for the following referencing styles: Harvard, APA, MLA, Chicago, Vancouver & Turabian. You can find these manuals on the shelves in UTAS Library branches. To locate these books please refer to the other pages in this guide.

Step 4. If you have followed steps 1 - 3 and you still need referencing help contact staff in Student Learning, or ask at a library enquiries desk, or fill in this web form:  Ask a Librarian

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