Presentation on theme: "Georgia High School Writing Test"— Presentation transcript:
1 Georgia High School Writing Test
2 Georgia High School Writing Test (GHSWT)
The GHSWT takes place during the last week of September or the first week in October.Students have 180 minutes to produce a composition of no more than two pages on an assigned topic.
3 STANDARDSELA10W1The student produces writing that establishes an appropriate organizational structure, sets a context and engages the reader, maintains a coherent focus, throughout, andsignals closure.ELA10W4The student uses the writing process to develop, revise, and evaluate writing
4 LANGUAGE STANDARDS WIDA Language Arts Level 5
Learn to Brainstorm and complete the writing process.Learn the language of the GHSWT Assessment.
5 Introduction of writing test domains
IDEAS, ORGANIZATION, STYLE, CONVENTIONS
6 How the Georgia High School Writing Test is Scored: Domains
IdeasOrganizationStyleConventions*A domain is an aspect or part of your writing.
7 GHSWT Scoring Domain 1: IDEAS = 40% Domain 2: ORGANIZATION = 20%
Domain 3: STYLE = 20%Domain 4: CONVENTIONS = 20%Scores in each domain range from 1 to 5 (5 being the highest score).
8 How the Georgia High School Writing Test is Scored: The Score Scale
Five score points in each scoring domainA score of “5” represents the highest level of competence in each domain.1___________________________5
9 GHSWT Scoring A scale score of 200 is passing
There are three performance levels represented:Below Proficiency: Below 200Basic Proficiency: 200 to 234Advanced Proficiency: 235 to 274Honors: 275 or Above
10 Weighting of Domains Scoring Domain Domain Weight % of total score
Ideas2 x raters’ scores40%Organization1 x raters’ scores20%StyleConventions
11 Defining Persuasive Writing
Persuasive Writing: Writing that has as its purposeconvincing others to accept the writer’s positionas valid, adopt a certain point of view, or takesome action.Methods:• Provides logical appeals, emotional appeals,facts, statistics, narrative anecdotes, humor,and/or the writer’s personal experiences andknowledge.* The writer’s score will not be influenced by choosing to write in either first person or third person.
12 The Components of Ideas Domain 1
Ideas: The degree to which the writer establishes a controlling idea and elaborates the main points with examples, illustrations, facts, or details that are appropriate to the assigned genre.Controlling IdeaSupporting IdeasRelevance of DetailAwareness of Persuasive Purpose*1.A component is a feature of writing within a particular scoring domain.
13 Controlling Idea 1. An effective controlling idea:
Is the focus of the paperTies all of the information in the paper to the assigned writing topic and persuasive purposeHelps the reader understand the writer’s purpose: “What is the writer convincing me to or do?”
14 Elements of Supporting Ideas
RelevanceDevelopmentGenre Awareness*1. Supporting ideas can be developed with examples, comparisons, descriptions, facts, statistics, personal experiences, anecdotes and/or details.
15 Understanding the Writing Topic:
The Writing SituationAll GHSWT writing topics contain two sections – the Writing Situation and the Directions for Writing.The Writing Situation gives the background for the writing assignment.The first sentence of the Writing Situation introduces the general topic.The remaining sentences in the Writing Situation help the writers think about different aspects of the topic, realize that they do know enough about the topic to write, and focus their individual responses.
16 Understanding the Writing Topic:
The Directions for WritingThe Directions for Writing tell what the students are supposed to do for the writing assessment.The first sentence of the Directions for Writing provides the students with a format for writing and gives the students an identifiable audience.The final sentence of the Directions for Writing reminds the students to give many specific examples and ideas to elaborate their supporting ideas.
17 sample Writing Prompt Writing Situation
Many public school systems across the country require students to wear uniforms. Some educators believe that wearing uniforms will help students concentrate more on their school work. On the other hand, some students argue that having to wear uniforms prevents them from expressing their individuality. Your principal is considering whether students at your school should wear uniforms.Directions for WritingWrite a letter to your principal expressing your view on school uniforms. Provide convincing reasons and specific examples to support your position.
18 Relevance of Detail Relevance Writer’s Topic Audience Purpose
1. Relevant details focus directly on the controllingidea and topic and serve to advance its development2. In a persuasive response about whether or not to adopt school uniforms, the following details would be relevant;a. How much uniforms costb. Whether or not students like uniformsc. Whether or not wearing uniforms will improveconcentration in class and/or test scores.d. Whether or not uniforms will decrease cliquese. Whether or not uniforms hinder a student’s ability to express his/her individuality
19 Example of Depth of Development in a Paragraph
Controlling Idea: I am against required school uniforms (stated in the opening paragraph).Sample Body ParagraphSupporting IdeaMajor DetailsSpecific Details and ExamplesUniforms keep us from expressing our individuality. I like to express myself and my interests through my choice of clothes. But if I looked like 1,000 other people, how could I be expressive or original? No teenager likes being told what to wear everyday. I have some friends who attend schools where they have to wear uniforms. None of them ever say they like the uniforms. They are all unhappy because their individuality is stifled. I do not want to be that frustrated with my clothing.
20 Development of Ideas Development Fluency of Development
Fluency of Development-quantity of supporting ideasDepth of DevelopmentDepth of development –degrees of supportfor the topic; several layers of relevant details.For development of Supporting Ideas; use:Factual informationAnecdotesStatisticsthese can be further developed with specific detailsthat may be factual or descriptive.Fully developed essays have two or three layers of supporting details.Students who receive high scores in Ideas write papers that develop a few supporting ideas in depth compared to student writers who try to cover many supporting ideas with less depth of detail. (Go for quality not quantity.)
21 Depth of Development Controlling Idea
The controlling idea serves as the focus for all the other layers of details in a persuasive piece.SupportingThe supporting ideas are the claims the writer is making about the issue in the assigned writing prompt.Major DetailsMajor Details are the evidence used to elaborate or support each claim made by the writer.Specific Examples and ElaborateSpecific examples, anecdotes, facts,and statistics are used to fully are used to fully develop each of the major details..
22 ESOL STUDENT WRITER ALERT
Students who receive minimal scores in Ideas on the Georgia High School Writing Test often fail to develop their arguments (positions) beyond Level Two, that is, making broad general claims about an issue without providing the details to support them.
23 Sense of CompletenessTwo features give a paper a sense of completeness:1. Fullness of information2. The paper drawing to a natural close
24 Awareness of the Persuasive Purpose
Demonstrating Awareness of the Persuasive PurposeEstablishes a clear position on the issueProvides relevant supporting ideasSelects convincing details and examples appropriate tothe audience assigned in the writing promptUses specific rhetorical devices to support assertionsAddresses readers’ concerns, counterclaims, biases,and expectations1. Selecting details appropriate to the assigned audience: To convince a principal not to require uniforms, it would be effective to suggest that uniforms will not increase concentration on school work or improve student performance and behavior.2. Counterargument: In persuasive writing, the writer’s argument may be strengthened by anticipating, acknowledging, and countering opposing perspectives on the issue.
25 IDEAS SUM IT UP… Controlling idea-focuses and holds the essay together
Supporting ideas-add support to controlling idea/ main ideaDetails relate to the controlling and supporting ideas, and helppaint a picture to help the reader understand the writer’s argumentEssay shows that the writer knows he/she is to persuade-convince the audience to do or believe somethingHas sense of completeness-gives enough information and signals “this is the end”Depth of Development-gives support to main idea, adds strength to supporting ideas, gives lots of related details and examples to help complete the argument
26 Effective Organization Domain 2
The organizing strategy is appropriate to thewriter’s argument and topic and guides thereader through the text.Ideas are sequenced and grouped appropriately and logically.The introduction sets the stage for the writer’sargument.The conclusion provides a sense of closurewithout repetition.Transitioning is used to connect ideas withinparagraphs and across parts of the paper.
Introduction: Sets the stage for the development of the writer’s ideas and is consistent with the purpose of the paperBody: Includes details and examples that support the controlling ideaConclusion: Signals the reader that the paper is coming to a close
28 Sequencing of IdeasSequencing: The way the writer orders the ideas of the paper to implement the overall plan.Clear sequencing helps the reader understand thewriter’s ideas.Effective sequencing: Ideas build logically on oneanother and lead the reader through the paper.Ineffective sequencing: The ideas may have littlerelationship to one another and could bepresented in any order
29 Grouping of IdeasIn order to effectively group ideas in a piece of writing, the writer must first understand the logical relationships between the ideas that support the controlling idea.Grouping involves the logical presentation of ideas rather than simply indenting to indicate the beginning of a paragraph.Even if a writer fails to correctly format paragraphs, ideas may still be grouped logically.
30 Transitioning Making Connections Between Ideas
Transitions lead the reader through the paper by linkingparts of the paper and ideas within paragraphs.Transitions are used between sentences, betweenparagraphs, and within sentences and within paragraphsTransitions can signal the type of relationships betweenideas– May be a single word, a pronoun, a phrase, or a logical linking of ideas– Explicit transitional words: for instance, consequently
31 ORGANIZATION SUM IT UP Essay shows that the writer has a plan.
The paper has an intro, body, and conclusion.There is a logical order to the way the writer has organized his/her ideas (each one builds on top of the other).Like ideas are grouped together in a paragraph and transition easily from one to another.The writer puts his ideas in order; either from the most important to the least important or vice versa.The essay has transitions between each paragraph. Also transitions are used within paragraphs.
Are you asking yourself why you should read this blog post?
Are you asking, “What’s in it for me?”
What if I promised that by reading this you’ll learn more about how to write an effective persuasive essay?
What if I promised that by reading this you’ll learn 40 persuasive essay topics to help you get started writing your persuasive essay—and that you’ll even learn some tips about how to choose a persuasive essay topic?
If you’re still reading, then I’ve achieved my goal. I’ve written a persuasive opening. And if you’re assigned to write a persuasive essay, you should definitely keep reading.
The Persuasive Essay Defined
The goal of a persuasive essay is to convince readers.
When writing the essay, you’ll first need to state your own opinion, then develop evidence to support that opinion.
These reasons and examples (evidence) should convince readers to believe your argument.
I know this quick definition gives you the basics, but you should know more about persuasive writing before you attempt to write your own essay.
It may seem tempting to skip past the additional information and go directly to the list of persuasive essay topics. But don’t do it.
Take the time now to read more about persuasive writing. (It’s all about persuasion. Are you clicking the links below yet?)
I’ll trust that I’ve persuaded you to read all three of the above articles. And now that you know how to write a persuasive essay, here are 40 persuasive essay topics to help you get started.
40 Persuasive Essay Topics to Help You Get Started
1. Does Facebook (or other forms of social media) create isolation?
Facebook lets people stay connected and meet new friends, yet some argue people spend so much time on social media that they lose contact with real life and may even become addicted.
2. Should guns be permitted on college campuses?
With recent school massacres permeating the news, people feel as though they should be able to protect themselves by carrying guns in all public spaces. Others, however, feel as though allowing guns on campuses will only increase crime and the death toll.
3. Do kids benefit if everyone on the team receives a trophy?
If everyone on the team receives a trophy (even for participation), kids may feel like part of the team and feel as though their efforts matter. Others believe handing out trophies to all kids on the team simply makes them feel entitled.
4. Is society too dependent on technology?
Technology creates great opportunities, yet some feel people can no longer function without a smartphone by their sides at all times.
5. Should all high school students be required to complete parenting classes?
Parents often believe sexuality, family planning, and parenting should be taught at home. But many don’t believe parents sufficiently educate their children about these topics and feel the school should provide teens with training for adulthood and require parenting classes.
6. Does the school day start too early?
While some simply say kids should go to bed earlier in order to be alert during the school day, others argue teens require more sleep and need to sleep later to function properly.
7. Should the minimum wage be increased?
Many business owners argue that raising the minimum wage would only cause hardship and cause them to raise their prices. But many workers argue raising the minimum wage is necessary to help low-income workers dig out of poverty.
8. Should elementary schools teach handwriting?
If no one knows how to write or read cursive handwriting, the form of communication will be lost, some believe. Others, however, believe handwriting is antiquated, and kids would be better served learning keyboarding.
9. Should childhood vaccinations be mandatory?
Though vaccinations can prevent a number of childhood illnesses, some believe mandatory vaccination violates individual rights and can actually do more harm than good.
10. Are security cameras an invasion of privacy?
Security cameras are in place to protect both businesses and the general public. But some argue cameras have gone too far and actually invade privacy because people are constantly under surveillance.
11. Should citizens be allowed to keep exotic pets?
People feel they should be allowed to keep exotic pets as they are capable of caring for the animals. They feel it is their right to keep such pets. However, others feel keeping such pets creates a danger to other people and is harmful to the animals.
12. Should a relaxed dress code be allowed in the workplace?
Some argue that a more relaxed dress code has created more relaxed and less productive workers. Others argue the more relaxed dress code creates a more casual, friendly, and creative workplace.
13. Is it ethical to sentence juveniles as adults?
The old cliche is, “If you do the crime, you should do the time.” But many believe it isn’t ethical to charge a juvenile as an adult as a child’s brain isn’t yet fully developed.
14. Should corporations be allowed to advertise in schools?
Some think schools should embrace corporate advertising as budgets are very limited. But others believe kids shouldn’t be bombarded with corporate persuasion. Instead, they think kids should focus on learning.
15. Should public transportation be free for all residents of a city?
While some say free public transportation would help the environment and reduce traffic, others think free public transportation is too expensive. They argue that the government can’t afford to pay for it.
16. Is professional football too dangerous for players?
Because of recent discoveries about chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), many believe football is too dangerous and that rules need to change. Those on the other side of the argument believe football players know the risks and thus should be allowed to play.
17. Should minors be allowed to get tattoos (if they have parental permission)?
Some feel parents should be allowed to give permission for their minor children to get tattoos as they are making the decision for their own children. On the other hand, because tattoos are essentially permanent, some feel only adults should be able to get tattoos.
18. Should fracking be banned?
Some people argue fracking is an effective way to extract natural gas, but others argue it is too dangerous and is harmful to the environment.
19. Should a college education be free for everyone?
Some people believe education is a right and will make society, on the whole, a better place for everyone. But others feel there is no true way to offer a free college education as colleges would still need to be funded (likely through tax dollars).
20. Should the US assist developing countries with immunization efforts?
Immunizations have been critical to eradicating diseases such as polio and measles in the United States, so some argue that it’s important to distribute immunizations to developing countries where people are still dying from these types of diseases. Others may argue that this type of effort would be too costly or ineffective.
21. Does corporal punishment help children?
If you’ve ever been spanked by your parents, I’m sure you weren’t in favor of corporal punishment. But does it actually help discipline children, or does it promote violence?
22. Does the welfare system need to be revised?
There are many people who clearly need the additional assistance welfare services provide. There are others, however, who take advantage of the system. Because of this, many feel the program should be revised to create alternate or stricter requirements.
23. Is learning a skilled trade more valuable than earning a college degree?
Many companies state they have numerous job openings but cannot find skilled employees. Given the current economy, some feel that it may be more advantageous for people to learn a trade.
24. Should cigarettes be illegal?
Given the trend of legalizing marijuana, it seems that it would be impossible to ban cigarettes, but some believe that cigarettes should be illegal because of the health risks they pose.
25. Should organ donors be financially compensated?
While some feel that people should donate their organs on a strictly volunteer basis, others argue that donations would increase if people were financially compensated.
26. Do laws promote racial discrimination?
Justice is supposed to be blind, though many argue that laws are designed to discriminate against minorities.
27. Do dual-parent households benefit children more than single-parent households?
A dual-parent household may have an advantage of a higher household income and the benefit of one parent who may able to spend more time with children. But many argue that a high income alone doesn’t make a happy home and that quality time spent with children is far more important than simply being present.
28. Is it acceptable for parents to lie to their children?
Most people would probably agree that the small lies parents tell their children in order to protect them or motivate them are harmless (and perhaps even helpful). But others feel that, if parents lie, they are only teaching their children to lie.
29. Are teens unfairly stereotyped?
Teens are often stereotyped as lazy and entitled. Specific groups of teens, such as skaters, are often seen as criminals and addicts. Are these classifications true, or are they unfair stereotypes?
30. Is reality television actually real?
Reality TV is supposed to follow the lives of real people. But are the shows scripted or staged to create more drama?
31. Does illegal immigration harm the U.S. economy?
While some feel that even illegal immigrants contribute to the economy through spending their wages in local economies, others feel that they don’t pay their fair share of taxes, which harms the economy.
32. Should high schools distribute birth control?
Though some claim that the distribution of birth control encourages sexual behavior, others claim that it actually protects teens who are already sexually active.
33. Does elective cosmetic surgery harm self-esteem?
Elective cosmetic surgery can make people feel confident and happier with their personal appearances, but for some people, such surgeries do not address underlying psychological issues. Thus, the surgeries leave people unhappy and striving for unattainable perfection.
34. Should people who teach in low-income areas be allowed to have their student loans forgiven?
Teachers who work in low-income areas are often eligible to have their student loans forgiven after a number of years of service. However, some argue that this practice should not continue. They argue that everyone should be eligible for loan forgiveness and that it shouldn’t only be select professions that are eligible.
35. Should classic literature be taught in high school or college?
Many argue that the classics are important to our history and that they are works of art. Others feel the writings are outdated and generally irrelevant to modern society.
36. Should colleges and universities do more to help incoming freshman transition to college life?
Though most colleges offer orientation programs, many students feel that the college itself does not do enough to prepare them for the realities of college life.
37. Has the No Child Left Behind Act helped students?
The No Child Left Behind Act was designed to help all students succeed, but many people believe that it has been an unsuccessful program.
38. Should team names deemed to be offensive be banned?
Some feel that team names such as “Redskins” or “Chiefs” are racially insensitive and are racial slurs. However, others argue that these names are steeped in tradition and should not be banned.
39. Should fast-food restaurants be blamed for obesity among Americans?
Most people already know that many fast-food meals are high in calories and are often not as healthy as other options. Thus, these restaurants are to blame for increased obesity rates. Others argue that it’s the individual’s responsibility to consume these foods in moderation and that society cannot blame fast-food restaurants for obesity rates.
40. Do modern gender roles harm women?
Though women are generally no longer expected to be stay-at-home moms, many argue that gender roles today continue to harm women. Some argue that media continues to sexualize women and thus perpetuates the classic gender roles of males being dominant over females.
Dos and Don’ts of Choosing Persuasive Essay Topics
After reading this list, I’m sure at least a few topics appeal to you. But how do you know which one of these great ideas to choose for your own paper? Here are a few tips.
Do choose a topic that:
- You care about. It’s easier to write about something that interests you.
- Other people care about too. Why would you write about a topic that no one cares about?
- You are willing to examine from multiple viewpoints. Looking at both sides of the issue shows that you’re educated about your topic.
- You can research effectively in the allotted time. If you can’t find enough evidence to support your viewpoint, you might need to switch topics.
Don’t choose a topic that:
- You don’t care about. If you don’t care about the topic, it will be difficult to persuade others.
- You are extremely passionate about. While passion is important, if you’re so passionate about the topic that you aren’t willing to learn new information or see additional viewpoints, it will be difficult to write an effective paper.
- Can’t be researched effectively. In other words, don’t try to research a topic like the meaning of the universe or why people usually wear matching socks.
In this blog post, you’ve learned how to write a persuasive essay, examined a variety of persuasive essay topics, and learned the dos and don’ts of selecting and narrowing a topic.
So what are you waiting for? Start researching, and start writing!
What? None of these topics are working for you? Try this list of 15 topics or these additional 15 topics.
Need a few pointers to get started with research? Check out 5 Best Resources to Help With Writing a Research Paper and How to Write a Research Paper: A Step-by-Step Guide.
Looking for even more help? I recommend reading this study guide about persuasive and argumentative essays.
Want to make sure you’re writing is convincing? Why not have one of our Kibin editors review your paper?
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